Have you experienced a heavier-than-usual period recently?
Because the amount of menstrual bleeding varies wildly from woman to woman, it’s not always easy to tell if your periods are heavy or not. However, if you suddenly start to experience a heavier period than you normally do, it can be a red flag that something else is going on, and it’s important to schedule an appointment with our OBGYN in Bradenton as soon as you can. The simplest way to find out if your period is unusually heavy or not is to pay close attention to how often you have to change out your menstrual cup, tampons or pads when you’re on your period. Here are a few of the most common causes of heavy periods:
#1. Hormonal Imbalances
Hormonal imbalances can affect how heavy your period is, and they are common among adolescent women who are new to getting their periods, as well as women who are approaching menopause. Heavy periods caused by hormonal imbalances can often be treated with hormone therapy or birth control pills.
#2. Uterine Polyps
Uterine polyps are growths that branch out from the uterine lining. Although uterine polyps are harmless, they can cause miscarriage or infertility. While heavy menstrual bleeding can be a sign of uterine polyps, they are more often linked to bleeding between periods or irregular periods. Uterine polyps can be removed by your doctor or treated with hormones that help to correct the hormonal imbalances that cause them.
Uterine fibroids are tumors that grow in the muscle walls of the uterus. Uterine fibroids are typically benign (non-cancerous), and roughly 70 percent of women experience them before reaching the age of 50. In addition to heavy menstrual bleeding, spotting between periods, lower belly pain and cramps are also common symptoms of uterine fibroids. Treatment will largely depend on the size of the fibroids, as well as how many there are, and it can range from doing nothing to a full hysterectomy.
#4. Endometrial Hyperplasia
Endometrial hyperplasia is essentially an overgrowth of the lining of the uterus, otherwise known as the endometrium. For some women, endometrial hyperplasia can increase the risk of developing endometrial or uterine cancer, and it is typically caused by an excess of estrogen combined with insufficient levels of progesterone. Endometrial hyperplasia is typically treated with hormone replacement therapy.
#5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
PID is when one or more organ has an infection, and it can affect the cervix, fallopian tubes and uterus. Though PID is a sexually transmitted infection, it can also be caused by having an abortion, giving birth or some gynecological procedures. Antibiotic therapy is used to treat PID.
The heaviness of your menstrual bleeding can tell you a lot about your health, and it’s important to pay close attention to any changes in your menstrual bleeding from month to month. If you are experiencing menstrual bleeding that is heavier than it normally is, it’s important to visit our OBGYN in Bradenton to determine what is causing it and to get the treatment you need. Contact us today to schedule your appointment.